Telogen effluvium And Its Causes

Telogen effluvium And Its Causes

We all are well aware that our hair loss can be caused due to disruption of the hair cycle. The disruption of the hair cycle can lead to the requirement of a hair transplant. Although it is recommended by many doctors, one should try it out only after trying out all other hair loss treatment methods. Let’s have a look at the various triggers, which cause hair loss:

Severe stress.-If the person is under prolonged stress, it can result in telogen effluvium. The hair loss can show up as late as 3 months after the stress-causing event.

Poor diet– Abundant hair growth requires a diet rich in nutrients like iron, protein, B-vitamins, and zinc.  In case there is a shortage of these nutrients in a person’s diet, then both the quality and quantity of the person’s hair will suffer.

Sudden weight loss– Certain conditions like anorexia nervosa in which the patient starts restricting calories too rigorously can lead to hair loss.

Pregnancy and childbirth-A woman’s hair enters the growth phase for a long time during pregnancy. It means that more hair happens to be in the growth phase for a longer period. The hormonal changes that occur within 3 to 6 months after the birth of the child can cause a temporary hair loss. This stage is often referred to as post-partum telogen effluvium.

Menopause– Women undergo hormonal changes during the menopause phase which may again cause telogen effluvium.

Certain Medications– Certain medicines and recreational drugs also trigger hair loss.

Health conditions– Certain autoimmune diseases like alopecia areata, and conditions of the thyroid gland can lead to hair loss.

Surgery– The type of surgery, the duration of stay in the hospital, the medications you have to take, and your overall nutritional status will determine if you face hair fall or not.

Metal toxicity– If you come in contact with certain toxic chemicals that some metals have, then you will experience hair loss.

Treatment

Treatment for telogen effluvium is completely dependent on the cause of hair loss. Once the triggering factor has been identified, the hair cycle should become normal and lead to the revival of hair growth.

Treatment options include:

  • Working on the  nutritional deficiencies by balancing your diet
  • Hair replacement using non-surgical means
  • Administering hormone replacement therapy for women undergoing menopause
  • Extending counselling support to people who are suffering from stress.